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Eastern philosophies of education : Buddhist, Hindu, Daoist, and Confucian readings of Plato’s cave

Lewin, David and Ergas, Oren (2018) Eastern philosophies of education : Buddhist, Hindu, Daoist, and Confucian readings of Plato’s cave. In: International Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 479-497. ISBN 9783319727592

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Abstract

This chapter provides readers with an understanding of some basic principles of selected Eastern traditions and their relation to philosophy of education. The attempt to characterize such diverse traditions and understandings of education raises numerous hermeneutical issues which can only be addressed through a pedagogical reduction as a vehicle for understanding. In this case, we have employed Plato’s cave allegory as that methodological and pedagogical vehicle. We explore aspects of the ontology, epistemology, and ethics of Buddhist, Hindu (focused on classical yoga), Daoist, and Confucian traditions, interpreting elements from Plato’s allegory in order to throw light onto the educational ideas and implications of those Eastern traditions.