Scottish education : between the UK and the Nordic

Adams, Paul (2023) Scottish education : between the UK and the Nordic. Nordic Studies in Education, 43 (1). pp. 43-59. ISSN 1891-5949 (

[thumbnail of Adams-NSE-2023-Scottish-education-between-the-UK-and-the-Nordic]
Text. Filename: Adams_NSE_2023_Scottish_education_between_the_UK_and_the_Nordic.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (434kB)| Preview


The (re)opening of the Scottish Parliament in 1999 cemented calls for small state self-management, particularly along Nordic lines both to reflect the desire for independence and belief that small states prosper when aligned with similar jurisdictions. However, whether there is a 'Nordic education approach' is questionable. Further, this positioning assumes certain things about Scotland, 'The Scottish', and the Scottish education system. Rather than present Scottish education as aligning with Norden, it is better to identify pushes and pulls between northern countries and internal/UK factors. This paper examines educational exigencies: pushes and pulls from Nordic countries and the UK.