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Open Access research that is exploring the innovative potential of sustainable design solutions in architecture and urban planning...

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Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

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Health problems associated with the built environment in areas of rapid urbanization and poverty

Grierson, D. (2007) Health problems associated with the built environment in areas of rapid urbanization and poverty. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 2 (Issue ). pp. 391-396. ISSN 1833-1882

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Abstract

If UN projections are correct, global urban populations will grow to exceed 5 billion people by the year 2025, raising cities share of world inhabitants to more than 60 percent globally. Urbanization brings about fundamental changes in the way people live and work and has profound implications for the health of those who live in cities. Along with chronic and degenerative diseases in the developed nations, the expeditious spread of infectious diseases in the developing world threatens the very cohesion of society. In 2002, twenty six percent of all worldwide deaths were the result of communicable disease infection. Around 90 per cent of infections in developing countries are attributed to water borne diseases resulting from concentrated urbanization and industrialised agricultural practices. This paper will address health problems associated with the built environment in areas of rapid urbanization and poverty, and in particular the health impacts of marginalization, social exclusion, and inequity associated with built form and dispersed settlement patterns. It argues that the accelerated pace of urbanization requires that infectious disease is understood as a global challenge of improving public health, securing socio-economic well-being, and advancing sustainable development.