You do what in your microprobe?! The EPMA as a multimode platform for nitride semiconductor characterization

Edwards, Paul R. and Naresh-Kumar, G. and Kusch, Gunnar and Bruckbauer, Jochen and Spasevski, Lucia and Brasser, Catherine G. and Wallace, Michael J. and Trager-Cowan, Carol and Martin, Robert W. (2018) You do what in your microprobe?! The EPMA as a multimode platform for nitride semiconductor characterization. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 24 (S1). pp. 2026-2027. ISSN 1431-9276 (

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While the use of electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) is widespread in the geological and metallurgical sciences, it remains less prevalent in the field of semiconductor research. For these materials, trace element (i.e. dopant) levels typically lie near or beneath the detection limit of wavelength-dispersive Xray (WDX) spectrometers, while alloy compositions of ternary mixtures and multilayer structures can more readily be determined using X-ray diffraction techniques. The electron beam measurements more commonly applied to semiconductors remain transmission electron microscopy (for structural characterization), and scanning electron microscopy (topographic, optical and electrical information). Despite this, there are many aspects of the EPMA that make it an attractive platform for all of thesetypes of semiconductor characterization, particularly when combining compositional information fromWDX with complementary and simultaneously-acquired signals. These advantages include: built-inlight optics; a stable, quantified and high-current beam; and a combined large-area and high-resolutionmapping capability. This allows the measurement of cathodoluminescence (CL), electron beam-inducedcurrent (EBIC) and electron channelling contrast imaging (ECCI) signals alongside WDX, which weapply to the investigation of visible and UV AlxInyGa1-x-yN materials, devices and nanostructures.