Does children's independent mobility matter? Insights into escorting practices in a developing country

Zannat, Khatun E. and Naim, Md Nazmul Huda and Islam, K. M.Ashraful and Das, Sourav and Adnan, Mohammed Sarfaraz Gani and Dewan, Ashraf (2022) Does children's independent mobility matter? Insights into escorting practices in a developing country. Children's Geographies. ISSN 1473-3285 (

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Understanding children's mobility behaviour and parents escorting practices are important to developing a children-friendly society. But only a few studies concerning children’s mobility behaviour have focused on developing countries. In this study, we attempted to develop an econometric model to understand escorting practices in a developing country. A multinomial logit (MNL) model is developed using travel diary data of 398 elementary school-going children, inhabiting in Chattogram City Corporation (CCC) area of Bangladesh. We have considered different combinations of environmental (both school and neighbourhood environment), socio-cultural, household, and personal factors to explain children’s independent mobility behaviour for both school and discretionary trip purposes. The findings suggested that children’s individual (e.g. education level) and parents’ sociodemographic (e.g. income, access to cars, mother’s education level) facilities available at school, and built-environmental factors (e.g. commercial density, road density, land use mix and proximity to open spaces) are significantly associated with parent’s choice for chauffeuring their children in CCC area. Results will be useful to planners and policy makers for formulating effective measures to promote children’s independent mobility and will be a guideline for urban planners to include children’s mobility demand for the neighbourhood as well as city design.


Zannat, Khatun E., Naim, Md Nazmul Huda, Islam, K. M.Ashraful, Das, Sourav, Adnan, Mohammed Sarfaraz Gani ORCID logoORCID: and Dewan, Ashraf;