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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Convergence between physiological, facial and verbal self-report measures of affective empathy in children

Hadjicharalambous, X. and Warden, D.A. (2007) Convergence between physiological, facial and verbal self-report measures of affective empathy in children. Infant and Child Development, 16 (3). pp. 237-254. ISSN 1522-7227

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The present study investigated the degree of convergence between three different measures of vicarious affective responsiveness (affective empathy) - verbal self-report, facial expression and change in heart rate - in typically developing children (N=29, aged 8-10 years), when presented with an emotionally evocative film. Although convergence between physiological and verbal measures was only at chance levels, convergence between facial and physiological measures, and between facial and verbal measures was statistically significant, but low (=0.30 and 0.22, respectively, p<0.01). These findings have important implications for the assessment of empathy in children and indicate that generalization of results across methods should be undertaken with caution.