Hydrodynamic analysis of ship manoeuvrability in shallow water using high-fidelity URANS computations

Kim, Daejeong and Tezdogan, Tahsin and Incecik, Atilla (2022) Hydrodynamic analysis of ship manoeuvrability in shallow water using high-fidelity URANS computations. Applied Ocean Research, 123. 103176. ISSN 0141-1187 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2022.103176)

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The manoeuvring performance of a ship in shallow water is substantially different from its performance in deep water, attributed to shallow water effects caused by the presence of a finite water depth. Without a doubt a ship will navigate in areas of shallow water at various times during its operational life (such as when approaching harbours or ports), which underscores the importance of understanding the shallow water effects on ship manoeuvrability. In the present paper, the manoeuvrability of the KRISO Container Ship (KCS) model in different shallow water conditions was comprehensively analysed by means of the unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) computations coupled with the equations of rigid body motion with full six degrees of freedom (6DOF). A dynamic overset grid approach was implemented to allow the ship hull to move in 6DOF in a computational domain and to enable the rudder to be deflected according to a rudder controller for free-running manoeuvres. A series of manoeuvring simulations were performed in shallow waters with water depth to draft ratios varying between 1.2 and 4.0, and partially validated with the available experimental data from a free running test. The numerical results revealed that the ship advance, transfer, and tactical diameter mainly increased with the decrease in the ratio of water depth to draft, closely associated with the complicated interactions between the hull wake, boundary layer, propeller, vortex, and sea floor.