Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in design studies : methodological considerations, challenges, and recommendations

Hay, L. and Duffy, A.H.B. and Gilbert, S.J. and Grealy, M.A. (2022) Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in design studies : methodological considerations, challenges, and recommendations. Design Studies, 78. 101078. ISSN 0142-694X (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2021.101078)

[thumbnail of Hay-etal-DS-2021-Functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-fMRI-in-design-studies] Text. Filename: Hay_etal_DS_2021_Functional_magnetic_resonance_imaging_fMRI_in_design_studies.pdf
Accepted Author Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 16 December 2022.
License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 logo

Download (619kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) enables identification of the brain regions and networks underpinning cognitive tasks. It has the potential to significantly advance cognitive design science, but is challenging to apply in design studies and methodological guidance for design researchers is lacking. In this Research Note, we reflect on our experiences and other work to outline the activities involved in developing and executing fMRI design studies. The implications for research quality at each stage are highlighted. We then consider the challenges for fMRI research on design and make recommendations for addressing them. Four critical areas are identified: establishing experimental protocols; establishing a cognitive design ontology; generating foundational knowledge about brain activation; and balancing fMRI constraints against ecological validity.

ORCID iDs

Hay, L. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3259-9463, Duffy, A.H.B. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5661-4314, Gilbert, S.J. and Grealy, M.A. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2823-8841;