A mixed radiative-convective technique for the calibration of heat flux sensors in hypersonic flow

Esposito, Antonio and Lappa, Marcello and Pagliara, Rocco and Spada, Gennaro (2022) A mixed radiative-convective technique for the calibration of heat flux sensors in hypersonic flow. Fluid Dynamics and Materials Processing, 18 (2). pp. 189-203. ISSN 1555-2578 (https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2022.019605)

[thumbnail of Esposito-etal-FDMP-2021-A-mixed-radiative-convective-technique-for-the-calibration-of-heat]
Text. Filename: Esposito_etal_FDMP_2021_A_mixed_radiative_convective_technique_for_the_calibration_of_heat.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (2MB)| Preview


The ability to measure the very high heat fluxes that typically occur during the hypersonic re-entry phase of space vehicles is generally considered a subject of great importance in the aerospace field. Most of the sensors used forthese measurements need to be checked periodically and re-calibrated accordingly. Another bottleneck relates tothe need to procure thermal sources that are able to generate reliable reference heat fluxes in the range between100 and 1000 kW/m 2 (as order of magnitude). In the present study, a method is presented by which, starting froma calibration system with a capacity of approximately 500 kW/m 2 only, heat fluxes in the range of interest forhypersonic applications are generated. The related procedure takes advantage of established standards for thecharacterization of a radiative heat flux. It also builds on the hybrid radiative-convective nature of typicalhypersonic heat fluxes and the yet poorly explored possibility to use convective sources of heat to producehigh-intensity fluxes. The reliability of such a strategy has been tested using a high enthalpy supersonic flowfacility relying on an electric arc-heater and pure Nitrogen as work gas.


Esposito, Antonio, Lappa, Marcello ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0835-3420, Pagliara, Rocco and Spada, Gennaro;