The gendered harassment of parliamentary candidates in the UK

Collignon, Sofía and Campbell, Rosie and Rüdig, Wolfgang (2022) The gendered harassment of parliamentary candidates in the UK. Political Quarterly, 93 (1). pp. 32-38. ISSN 0032-3179 (

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This article explores the role gender plays in the harassment, abuse and intimidation (HAI) of parliamentary candidates in the UK at election time. Using data from the Representative Audit of Britain surveys (2015–2019) this article takes an intersectional approach to investigate whether trends identified in 2017 suggesting that women candidates reported more incidences of HAI and were more likely to be concerned for their personal safety as a result than men, remain apparent in the subsequent election. Results suggest that HAI is getting worse for candidates in general, and the gender gap is widening. About three in every four women experienced some levels of fear while campaigning.