Establishing a Net Zero Principles Framework to Support Public Policy Making

Turner, Karen and Race, Julia and Katris, Antonios and Alabi, Oluwafisayo and Stewart, Jamie (2021) Establishing a Net Zero Principles Framework to Support Public Policy Making. University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. (

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Delivering Net Zero requires pathways that are not only technically, but economically, socially and politically feasible. To aid the identification of feasible pathways, CEP has developed a Net Zero Principles Framework (NZPF). The framework sets out key questions and challenges that must be addressed in identifying, designing and considering the nature and aim of public support and policy intervention for any Net Zero action. Questions around ‘who pays and who gains’ set out in this framework align with the objectives of the HM Treasury Net Zero Review, where attention is focused on understanding how the costs of achieving Net Zero emissions are distributed and the benefits returned, the fiscal impacts, risks of competitiveness effects and the impacts of decarbonisation across the whole economy.