Hydroacoustic and hydrodynamic investigation of bio-inspired leading-edge tubercles on marine-ducted thrusters

Stark, Callum and Shi, Weichao (2021) Hydroacoustic and hydrodynamic investigation of bio-inspired leading-edge tubercles on marine-ducted thrusters. Royal Society Open Science, 8 (9). 210402. ISSN 2054-5703

[thumbnail of Stark-Shi-RSOS-2021-Hydroacoustic-and-hydrodynamic-investigation-of-bio-inspired-leading-edge-tubercles]
Preview
Text (Stark-Shi-RSOS-2021-Hydroacoustic-and-hydrodynamic-investigation-of-bio-inspired-leading-edge-tubercles)
Stark_Shi_RSOS_2021_Hydroacoustic_and_hydrodynamic_investigation_of_bio_inspired_leading_edge_tubercles.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (5MB)| Preview

    Abstract

    Underwater radiated noise (URN) has a negative impact on the marine acoustic environment where it can disrupt marine creature's basic living functions such as navigation and communication. To control the ambient ocean noise levels due to human activities, international governing bodies such as the International Maritime Organization (IMO) have issued non-mandatory guidelines to address this issue. Under such framework, the hydroacoustic performance of marine vehicles has become a critical factor to be evaluated and controlled throughout the vehicles' service life in order to mitigate the URN level and the role humankind plays in the ocean. This study aims to apply leading-edge (LE) tubercles of the humpback whales’ pectoral fins to a benchmark ducted propeller to investigate its potential in noise mitigation. This was conducted using CFD, where the high-fidelity improved delayed detached eddy simulations (IDDES) in combination with the porous Ffowcs-Williams Hawkings (FW-H) acoustic analogy was used to solve the hydrodynamic flow field and propagate the generated noise to the far-field. It has been found that the LE tubercles have shown promising noise mitigation capabilities in the far-field, where the OASPL at J = 0.1 was reduced to a maximum of 3.4 dB with a maximum of 11 dB reduction in certain frequency ranges at other operating conditions. Based on detailed flow analysis researching the fundamental vortex dynamics, this noise reduction is shown to be due to the disruption of the coherent turbulent wake structure in the propeller slipstream causing the acceleration in the dissipation of turbulence and vorticity-induced noise.

    ORCID iDs

    Stark, Callum ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7391-5197 and Shi, Weichao ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9730-7313;