Context-specific effects of facial dominance and trustworthiness on hypothetical leadership decisions

Ferguson, Hannah S. and Owen, Anya and Hahn, Amanda C. and Torrance, Jaimie and DeBruine, Lisa M. and Jones, Benedict C. (2019) Context-specific effects of facial dominance and trustworthiness on hypothetical leadership decisions. PLoS ONE, 14 (7). e0214261. ISSN 1932-6203

[img]
Preview
Text (Ferguson-etal-PLOSO-2019-Context-specific-effects-of-facial-dominance-and-trustworthiness)
Ferguson_etal_PLOSO_2019_Context_specific_effects_of_facial_dominance_and_trustworthiness.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (534kB)| Preview

    Abstract

    Social judgments of faces predict important social outcomes, including leadership decisions. Previous work suggests that facial cues associated with perceptions of dominance and trustworthiness have context-specific effects on leadership decisions. Facial cues linked to perceived dominance have been found to be preferred in leaders for hypothetical wartime contexts and facial cues linked to perceived trustworthiness have been found to be preferred in leaders for hypothetical peacetime contexts. Here we sought to replicate these effects using images of women's faces, as previous studies have primarily focused on perceptions of leadership abilities from male faces, with only a handful of these including female faces. Consistent with previous work, a linear mixed effects model demonstrated that more trustworthy-looking faces were preferred in leaders during times of peace and more dominantlooking faces were preferred in leaders during times of war. These results provide converging evidence for context-specific effects of facial cues on hypothetical leadership judgments.