A ocupação do Cerrado goiano pelo agronegócio canavieiro

Rodrigues de Oliveira, Adriano and Gomes Ferreira, Lara Cristine and Garvey, Brian (2018) A ocupação do Cerrado goiano pelo agronegócio canavieiro. Revista Nera, 21 (43). pp. 79-100. ISSN 1806-6755

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    Abstract

    The Cerrado biome has been constituted itself in the main axis of the agribusiness expansion. Since the decade of 1970, the region passed to be incorporated to the capitalist frontier of the agriculture, with a strong intervention of the state through the creation of special development programs as the Development of the Cerrados Program (known as POLOCENTRO in 1975), the Program of Japanese-Brazilian Cooperation for the Cerrado Development (known as PRODECER in 1978) and the Constitutional Reserve of Financing of the Brazilian Mid-West (known as FCO in 1988). The military governments promoted the conservative modernization in the Brazilian countryside, in the way that in the Brazilian Mid-West the main goal of thepolicies was to conceive the territorialization of the agricultural capital through the transformation of the large estates in rural enterprises and in the implantation of agricultural industries processor of grains, in a first moment, and, then, the viabilization of the basis for the consolidation of the grain and meat pair. However, the beginning of the 21st century is marked by the arrival of a new hegemonic actor of the agribusiness, compounded by the sugar and energy sector which glimpses in natural potentialities and in the governmental incentives the possibilities of expansion of the sugar and ethanol production. So, this analysis focuses in the comprehension of the capitalist occupation of the Cerrado biome in the state of Goiás by the sugarcane agribusiness, the main policies and programs of promotion of the enterprises, as the importance of the water for the sugarcane activity through the discussion of the agrihidrobusiness