Modelling and experimentation of the evolution of texture in an Al-Mg alloy during earing cupping test

Tamimi, Saeed and Sivaswamy, Giribaskar and Violatos, Ioannis and Moturu, Shanmukha Rao and Rahimi, Salah and Blackwell, Paul (2017) Modelling and experimentation of the evolution of texture in an Al-Mg alloy during earing cupping test. Procedia Engineering, 207. pp. 1-6. ISSN 1877-7058

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    Abstract

    Earing and thinning are often the major manufacturing problems occur during deep drawing processes. Thinning occurs when a section of a part undergoes localised deformation, and earing is the formation of wavy edges at the open end of a drawn part that must be trimmed at final stage leading to higher manufacturing costs. The anisotropic mechanical behavior of the initial sheet metal is the predominant source of thinning and earing problems. This work aims to establish a relationship between the properties of a sheet blank and thinning and earing issues during deep drawing by studying the evolution of crystallographic texture throughout the sheet forming process using crystal plasticity simulation modelling and experimental measurements. Firstly, to understand the impact of individual texture components on the mechanical properties of the material, Lankford coefficients for FCC crystal structure during uni-axial tensile loading were analysed using Visco-Plastic Self Consistent (VPSC) model. Subsequently, Finite Element (FE) analyses were carried out to study the effect of initial state of the material on earing and thinning issues occurred during deep drawing. It was observed that the existing Cube and Goss texture components evolved during annealing heat treatments were responsible for the generation of troughs along 45° to the rolling direction (RD) and peaks along the transverse direction (TD), respectively. Optical 3D scanning of a manufactured part confirmed that earing is less prominent in the case of as-rolled and shear-formed condition due to weakening of Cube and Goss texture components. Furthermore, a combination of FE simulation and the VPSC model has been used to simulate texture evolution during a standard earing cupping test at various points of interest. The results of texture evolution simulations were compared to those measured experimentally by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), and a good qualitative agreement is achieved.