Natural fibers for the production of green composites

Zhang, Xiaolei and Li, Jun and Jain, Siddharth and Verma, Deepak; (2016) Natural fibers for the production of green composites. In: Green Approaches to Biocomposite Materials Science and Engineering. IGI Global, Hershey, PA., pp. 1-23. ISBN 9781522504252 (

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Development of green composite from natural fibers has gained increasing interests due to the environmental and sustainable benefits when compared with petroleum based non-degradable materials. However, a big challenge of green composites is the diversity of fiber sources, because of the large variation in the properties and characteristics of the lignocellulosic renewable resource. The lignocellulosic fibers/natural fibers used to reinforce green composites are reviewed in this chapter. A classification of fiber types and sources, the properties of various natural fibers, including structure, composition, physical and chemical properties are focused; followed by the impacts of natural fibers on composite properties, with identification of the main pathways from the natural fibers to the green composite. Furthermore, the main challenges and future trend of natural fibers are highlighted.