Strategic orientation, human resource management practices and organizational outcomes : evidence from Turkey

Collings, David G and Demirbag, Mehmet and Mellahi, Kamel and Tatoglu, Ekrem (2010) Strategic orientation, human resource management practices and organizational outcomes : evidence from Turkey. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21 (14). pp. 2589-2613. ISSN 0958-5192

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Abstract

Based on a survey of 340 firms in Turkey, this study examines the link between human resource management (HRM) practices and three organizational outcomes namely employee skills and abilities, employee motivation and organizational financial performance. The study also examines the association between the alignment of HRM practices with the overall strategic orientation of the organization and the three organizational outcomes. The results provide support for the contingency approach, with HRM and strategy fit being the only variable which impacts on all three outcomes considered. Our findings also provide some interesting insights on the applicability of western HRM ‘best’ practices in the Turkish context.