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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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c-Src is involved in regulating signal transmission from PDGFbeta receptor-GPCR(s) complexes in mammalian cells

Waters, Catherine M and Connell, Michelle C and Pyne, Susan and Pyne, Nigel J (2005) c-Src is involved in regulating signal transmission from PDGFbeta receptor-GPCR(s) complexes in mammalian cells. Cellular Signalling, 17 (2). pp. 263-277. ISSN 1873-3913

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Abstract

We have reported that the platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta (PDGFbeta) forms a novel signaling complex with G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) (e.g. S1P(1) receptor) that enables more efficient activation of p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in response to PDGF and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). We now demonstrate that c-Src participates in regulating the endocytosis of PDGFbeta receptor-GPCR complexes in response to PDGF. This leads to association of cytoplasmic p42/p44 MAPK with the receptor complex in endocytic vesicles. c-Src is regulated by G protein betagamma subunits and can interact with beta-arrestin. Indeed, the PDGF-dependent activation of p42/p44 MAPK was reduced by over-expression of the C-terminal domain of GRK2 (sequesters Gbetagamma subunits), the clathrin-binding domain of beta-arrestin and by inhibitors of c-Src and clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Moreover, PDGF and S1P induce the recruitment of c-Src to the PDGFbeta receptor-S1P(1) receptor complex. This leads to a G protein/c-Src-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of Gab1 and accumulation of dynamin II at the plasma membrane, a step required for endocytosis of the PDGFbeta receptor-GPCR complex. These findings provide important information concerning the molecular organisation of novel receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK)-GPCR signal relays in mammalian cells.