Picture water droplets

Developing mathematical theories of the physical world: Open Access research on fluid dynamics from Strathclyde

Strathprints makes available Open Access scholarly outputs by Strathclyde's Department of Mathematics & Statistics, where continuum mechanics and industrial mathematics is a specialism. Such research seeks to understand fluid dynamics, among many other related areas such as liquid crystals and droplet evaporation.

The Department of Mathematics & Statistics also demonstrates expertise in population modelling & epidemiology, stochastic analysis, applied analysis and scientific computing. Access world leading mathematical and statistical Open Access research!

Explore all Strathclyde Open Access research...

Particle size distribution and compositional effects on textural properties and appearance of dark chocolates

Afoakwa, E.O. and Paterson, A. and Fowler, M. and Vieira, J. (2008) Particle size distribution and compositional effects on textural properties and appearance of dark chocolates. Journal of Food Engineering, 87 (2). pp. 181-190. ISSN 0260-8774

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

Particle size distribution (PSD) and composition in dark chocolate were varied and their effects on textural properties of molten and tempered chocolates determined using a TA.HD Plus Texture Analyzer. Surface colour was evaluated in terms of CIELAB parameters L*, C* and h° using a HunterLab Miniscan Colorimeter. Compositional parameters for particle size distribution were [D90 (>90% finer) of 18 μm, 25 μm, 35 μm and 50 μm], fat (25%, 30% and 35%) and lecithin (0.3% and 0.5%) contents. Results showed that PSD, fat and lecithin content significantly (P 0.05) influenced the textural parameters with significant interactions among factors. Particle size was inversely correlated with firmness (1235-173 g), consistency (50,410-7029 g s), cohesiveness (1594-262 g), index of viscosity (5737-1099 g s) and hardness (7062-5546 g) with chocolates containing 25% fat and 0.3% lecithin. With higher fat and lecithin contents, PSD influence was reduced. PSD and fat concentration inversely influenced all colour measurements (L*, C* and h°) of samples. High correlations (r = 0.71-1.00, P < 0.001) were observed between texture parameters and colour. It was concluded that PSD, fat and lecithin contents and their interactions were central to changes in textural properties and appearance during processing of dark chocolates.