Picture of boy being examining by doctor at a tuberculosis sanatorium

Understanding our future through Open Access research about our past...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Centre for the Social History of Health & Healthcare (CSHHH), based within the School of Humanities, and considered Scotland's leading centre for the history of health and medicine.

Research at CSHHH explores the modern world since 1800 in locations as diverse as the UK, Asia, Africa, North America, and Europe. Areas of specialism include contraception and sexuality; family health and medical services; occupational health and medicine; disability; the history of psychiatry; conflict and warfare; and, drugs, pharmaceuticals and intoxicants.

Explore the Open Access research of the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Image: Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust. Wellcome Collection - CC-BY.

Multiplexed detection of six labelled oligonucleotides using surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS)

Faulds, K. and Jarvis, R. and Smith, W.E. and Graham, D. and Goodacre, R. (2008) Multiplexed detection of six labelled oligonucleotides using surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS). Analyst, 133 (11). pp. 1505-1512. ISSN 0003-2654

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

The labelling of target biomolecules followed by detection using some form of optical spectroscopy has become common practice to aid in their detection. This approach has allowed the field of bioanalysis to dramatically expand; however, most methods suffer from the lack of the ability to discriminate between the components of a complex mixture. Currently, fluorescence spectroscopy is the method of choice but its ability to multiplex is greatly hampered by the broad overlapping spectra which are obtained. Surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) holds many advantages over fluorescence both in sensitivity and, more importantly here, in its ability to identify components in a mixture without separation due to the sharp fingerprint spectra obtained. Here the first multiplexed simultaneous detection of six different DNA sequences, corresponding to different strains of the Escherichia coli bacterium, each labelled with a different commercially available dye label (ROX, HEX, FAM, TET, Cy3, or TAMRA) is reported. This was achieved with the aid of multivariate analysis, also known as chemometrics, which can involve the application of a wide range of statistical and data analysis methods. In this study, both exploratory discriminant analysis and supervised learning, by partial least squares (PLS) regression, were used and the ability to discriminate whether a particular labelled oligonucleotide was present or absent in a mixture was achieved using PLS with very high sensitivity (0.98-1), specificity (0.98-1), accuracy (range 0.99-1), and precision (0.98-1). (Abstract copied from Swetswise web site: http://www.swetswise.com/eAccess/viewAbstract.do?articleID=38598265)