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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Oligonucleotide conjugation to a cell-penetrating (tat) peptide by diels-alder cycloaddition

Steven, V. and Graham, D. (2008) Oligonucleotide conjugation to a cell-penetrating (tat) peptide by diels-alder cycloaddition. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, 6 (20). pp. 3781-3787. ISSN 1477-0520

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Abstract

Modifed oligonucleotides are routinely employed as analytical probes for use in diagnostics, e.g. in the examination of specific RNA sequences for infectious diseases, however, a major limiting factor in oligonucleotide-based diagnostics is poor cellular uptake of naked oligonucleotides. This problem can be overcome by covalent attachment of a so-called 'cell-penetrating peptide' to form an oligonucleotide peptide conjugate. Stepwise solid phase synthesis of such a conjugate is difficult and expensive due to the conflicting chemistries of oligonucleotides and peptides. A simple approach to overcome this is post-synthetic conjugation. Diels-Alder cycloaddition is an attractive methodology for oligonucleotide peptide conjugation; the reaction is fast, chemoselective and the reaction rate is greatly enhanced in aqueous media - ideal conditions for biological moieties. An oligodeoxyribonucleotide sequence has been derivatised with a series of dienes at the 5′-terminus, using a series of unique dienyl-modified phosphoramidites, and investigation into the effect of diene type on the efficiency of conjugation, using Diels-Alder cycloaddition with a maleimido-derivatised cell-penetrating (TAT) peptide, has been performed. This led to the observation that the optimal diene for conjugation was cyclohexadiene, allowing conjugation of oligodeoxyribonucleotides to a cell-penetrating peptide by Diels-Alder cycloaddition for the first time. (Taken from Swetswise web site: http://www.swetswise.com/eAccess/viewAbstract.do?articleID=38485673)