Symmetry broken vectorial Kerr frequency combs from Fabry-Pérot resonators

Hill, Lewis and Hirmer, Eva-Maria and Campbell, Graeme and Bi, Toby and Ghosh, Alekhya and Del'Haye, Pascal and Oppo, Gian-Luca (2024) Symmetry broken vectorial Kerr frequency combs from Fabry-Pérot resonators. Communications Physics, 7. 82. ISSN 2399-3650 (

[thumbnail of Hill-etal-CP-2024-Symmetry-broken-vectorial-Kerr-frequency-combs]
Text. Filename: Hill-etal-CP-2024-Symmetry-broken-vectorial-Kerr-frequency-combs.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (3MB)| Preview


Spontaneous symmetry breaking of a pair of vector temporal cavity solitons has been established as a paradigm to modulate optical frequency combs, and finds many applications in metrology, frequency standards, communications, and photonic devices. While this phenomenon has successfully been observed in Kerr ring resonators, the counterpart exploiting linear Fabry-Pérot cavities is still unexplored. Here, we consider field polarization properties and describe a vector comb generation through the spontaneous symmetry breaking of temporal cavity solitons within coherently driven, passive, Fabry-Pérot cavities with Kerr nonlinearity. Global coupling effects due to the interactions of counter-propagating light restrict the maximum number of soliton pairs within the cavity - even down to a single soliton pair - and force long range polarization conformity in trains of vector solitons.