Bending of kerf chiral fractal lattice metamaterials

Zhang, Wenjiao and Neville, Robin and Zhang, Dayi and Yuan, Jie and Scarpa, Fabrizio and Lakes, Roderic (2023) Bending of kerf chiral fractal lattice metamaterials. Composite Structures, 318. 117068. ISSN 0263-8223 (

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We describe the out-of-plane bending of kerf chiral fractal lattices metamaterials by using a combination of theoretical models, full-scale finite elements and experimental tests representing the flexural behaviour of metamaterial beams under three-point bending. Good agreement is observed between the three sets of results. Parametric analyses show a linear log-log relation between bending modulus and aspect ratios of the unit cells, which are indicative of the fractal nature of the metamaterial. The ratio between the bending and in-plane tensile moduli of these chiral fractal metamaterials ranges between ~ 5 and ~ 34 and is linearly proportional to the square of the ratio between length and width of the ribs of the chiral unit cells at different fractal orders. These properties suggest that the class of chiral fractal lattice metamaterials offer metacompliance properties between the flexural and in-plane stretching behaviours, which can be tailored by the adoption of the fractal scales.