Microseismic event classification with time, frequency and wavelet domain convolutional neural networks

Jiang, Jiaxin and Stankovic, Vladimir and Stankovic, Lina and Parastatidis, Emmanouil and Pytharouli, Stella (2023) Microseismic event classification with time, frequency and wavelet domain convolutional neural networks. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. ISSN 0196-2892 (https://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2023.3262412)

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Passive seismics help us understand subsurface processes, e.g. landslides, mining, geothermal systems etc. and help predict and mitigate their effects. Continuous monitoring results in long seismic records that may contain various sources, which need to be classified. Manual detection and labeling of recorded seismic events is not only time consuming but can also be inconsistent when done manually, even in the case where it is done by the same expert. Therefore, an automated approach for classification of continuous microseismic recordings based on a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is proposed, with a multiclassifier architecture that classifies earthquakes, rockfalls and low signal to noise ratio quakes. Furthermore, we propose three CNN architectures that take as input time series data, Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT) and Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) maps. The suitability of these three networks is rigorously assessed over five months of continuous seismometer recordings from the active Super-Sauze landslide in France. We observe that all three architectures have excellent and very similar performance. Furthermore, we evaluate transferability to a geographically distinct seismically active site in Larissa, Greece. We demonstrate that the proposed network is able to detect all 86 catalogued earthquake events, having only been trained on the Super-Sauze dataset and shows good agreement with manually detected events. This is promising as it could replace painstaking manual labelling of events in large recordings.


Jiang, Jiaxin, Stankovic, Vladimir ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1075-2420, Stankovic, Lina ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8112-1976, Parastatidis, Emmanouil ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5066-6917 and Pytharouli, Stella ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2899-1518;

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