An innovative constitutive material model for predicting high temperature flow behaviour of inconel 625 alloy

Souza, Paul M. and Sivaswamy, Giribaskar and Bradley, Luke and Barrow, Andrew and Rahimi, Salah (2022) An innovative constitutive material model for predicting high temperature flow behaviour of inconel 625 alloy. Journal of Materials Science, 57 (44). pp. 20794-20814. ISSN 0022-2461 (

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Inconel 625 nickel alloy with its attractive high-temperature strength, excellent corrosion and oxidation resistance is mainly used for critical applications in demanding environments, in both as-cast and wrought conditions. Hot processing of this alloy is crucial for achieving its tailored mechanical properties due to the significant variation in microstructural changes with varying process parameters like temperature, strain, and strain rate. In this study, isothermal hot compression tests were carried out at temperatures ranging from 900 to 1100 °C, and under strain rates ranging from 0.01 to 1 s −1. The flow curves revealed three stages of deformation, including a substantial work-hardening stage followed by dynamic recovery and flow softening. Microstructural observations showed the occurrence of discontinuous dynamic recrystallisation (DDRX) as the dominant recrystallisation mechanism during the flow softening. Microstructural analysis suggested that the DRX was more sensitive to the test temperature as compared to the strain rate. An innovative material's constitutive model was developed, by combining Johnson–Cook (JC) and Avrami approaches, to predict work-hardening, dynamic recovery, and flow softening stages of deformation. The predicted flow behavior was in a good agreement with the experimentally measured data. The developed material model was integrated into DEFORM® 3D finite element (FE) simulation software as a user subroutine for the prediction of deformation behaviour in a double truncated cone (DTC) sample. Comparison between the experimentally measured data and the results of FE simulation on the DTC sample showed a very good convergence, indicating the suitability of the proposed material’s constitutive model for large scale simulations.