Rapid production of hollow SS316 profiles by extrusion based additive manufacturing

Rane, Kedarnath and Cataldo, Salvatore and Parenti, Paolo and Sbaglia, Luca and Mussi, Valerio and Annoni, Massimiliano and Giberti, Hermes and Strano, Matteo; Buffa, Gianluca and Fratini, Livan and Ingarao, Giuseppe and Di Lorenzo, Rosa, eds. (2018) Rapid production of hollow SS316 profiles by extrusion based additive manufacturing. In: Proceedings of the 21st International ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming, ESAFORM 2018. AIP Conference Proceedings, 190 . American Institute of Physics Inc., ITA. ISBN 9780735416635 (https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5035006)

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Complex shaped stainless steel tubes are often required for special purpose biomedical equipment. Nevertheless, traditional manufacturing technologies, such as extrusion, lack the ability to compete in a market of customized complex components because of associated expenses towards tooling and extrusion presses. To rapid manufacture few of such components with low cost and high precision, a new Extrusion based Additive Manufacturing (EAM) process, is proposed in this paper, and as an example, short stainless steel 316L complex shaped and sectioned tubes were prepared by EAM. Several sample parts were produced using this process; the dimensional stability, surface roughness and chemical composition of sintered samples were investigated to prove process competence. The results indicate that feedstock with a 316L particle content of 92.5 wt. % can be prepared with a sigma blade mixing, whose rheological behavior is fit for EAM. The green samples have sufficient strength to handle them for subsequent treatments. The sintered samples considerably shrunk to designed dimensions and have a homogeneous microstructure to impart mechanical strength. Whereas, maintaining comparable dimensional accuracy and chemical composition which are required for biomedical equipment still need iterations, a kinematic correction and modification in debinding cycle was proposed.