A comparative study of pulsed laser and pulsed TIG welding of Ti-5Al-2.5Sn titanium alloy sheet

Junaid, M. and Baig, M. N. and Shamir, M. and Khan, F. N. and Rehman, K. and Haider, J. (2017) A comparative study of pulsed laser and pulsed TIG welding of Ti-5Al-2.5Sn titanium alloy sheet. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 242. pp. 24-38. ISSN 0924-0136 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2016.11.018)

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Pulsed Nd:YAG laser beam welding (P-LBW) and pulsed tungsten inert gas (P-TIG) welding were used to prepare full penetration bead-on-plate weldments of 1.6 mm thick Ti-5Al-2.5Sn alpha titanium alloy sheet. The influence of welding phenomenon on the microstructure, micro-hardness, tensile properties, surface and sub-surface residual stress distribution and deformation and distortion of both the weldments were studied. Higher cooling rate in P-LBW resulted in complete α’ martensitic transformation in fusion zone whereas in P-TIG weldment α’ and acicular α was formed within equiaxed β matrix due to lower cooling rate. Hardness in fusion zone of P-LBW was higher than that of the fusion zone of P-TIG weldment due to faster cooling rate in P-LBW. The welded zone in both the weldments showed higher hardness and strength than that of the parent metal since a ductile fracture occurred in the un-welded section during tensile testing. Residual stresses in both P-LBW and P-TIG weldments showed similar trend but the distribution was much narrower in P-LBW due to less width of heat affected zone. P-LBW resulted in more nonuniformity in through thickness stress profile because of greater top to bottom width ratio. Less residual stresses, deformation and distortion and superior mechanical properties in P-LBW made the process more feasible than P-TIG for the welding of Ti-5Al-2.5Sn alloy sheet.