Characterisation of P2Y receptor subtypes mediating vasodilation and vasoconstriction of rat pulmonary artery using selective antagonists

Dales, Markie O. and Mitchell, Callum and Gurney, Alison M. and Drummond, Robert M. and Kennedy, Charles (2022) Characterisation of P2Y receptor subtypes mediating vasodilation and vasoconstriction of rat pulmonary artery using selective antagonists. Purinergic Signalling, 18 (4). pp. 515-528. ISSN 1573-9538 (

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Pulmonary vascular tone is modulated by nucleotides, but which P2 receptors mediate these actions is largely unclear. The aim of this study, therefore, was to use subtype-selective antagonists to determine the roles of individual P2Y receptor subtypes in nucleotide-evoked pulmonary vasodilation and vasoconstriction. Isometric tension was recorded from rat intrapulmonary artery rings (i.d. 200-500 µm) mounted on a wire myograph. Nucleotides evoked concentration- and endothelium-dependent vasodilation of precontracted tissues, but the concentration-response curves were shallow and did not reach a plateau. The selective P2Y2 antagonist, AR-C118925XX, inhibited uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP)-, but not adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP)-evoked relaxation, whereas the P2Y6 receptor antagonist, MRS2578, had no effect on UTP, but inhibited relaxation elicited by uridine 5'-diphosphate (UDP). ATP-evoked relaxations were unaffected by the P2Y1 receptor antagonist, MRS2179, which substantially inhibited responses to adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP), and by the P2Y12/13 receptor antagonist, cangrelor, which potentiated responses to ADP. Both agonists were unaffected by CGS1593, an adenosine receptor antagonist. Finally, AR-C118925XX had no effect on vasoconstriction elicited by UTP or ATP at resting tone, although P2Y2 receptor mRNA was extracted from endothelium-denuded tissues using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction with specific oligonucleotide primers. In conclusion, UTP elicits pulmonary vasodilation via P2Y2 receptors, whereas UDP acts at P2Y6 and ADP at P2Y1 receptors, respectively. How ATP induces vasodilation is unclear, but it does not involve P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y12, P2Y13 or adenosine receptors. UTP- and ATP-evoked vasoconstriction was not mediated by P2Y2 receptors. Thus, this study advances our understanding of how nucleotides modulate pulmonary vascular tone.