Model development for nanosecond laser-induced damage caused by manufacturing-induced defects on potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals

Yang, Hao and Cheng, Jian and Liu, Zhichao and Liu, Qi and Zhao, Linjie and Tan, Chao and Wang, Jian and Chen, Mingjun (2020) Model development for nanosecond laser-induced damage caused by manufacturing-induced defects on potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals. ACS Omega, 5 (31). pp. 19884-19895. ISSN 2470-1343 (

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Nanosecond laser-induced damage on (potassium dihydrogen phosphate) KDP crystals is a complex process, which involves coupled actions of multi-physics fields. However, the mechanisms governing the laser damage behaviors have not been fully understood and there have been no available models to accurately describe this complex process. In this work, based on the theories of electromagnetic, thermodynamic, and hydrodynamic fields, a coupled multi-physics model is developed to describe the transient behavior of laser-supported energy deposition and diffusion accompanied by the surface defect (e.g., surface cracks)-initiated laser damage process. It is found that the light intensification caused by the defects near the crystal surface plays a significant role in triggering the laser-induced damage, and a large amount of energy is quickly deposited via the light intensity-activated nonlinear excitation. Using the developed model, the maximum temperature of the crystal material irradiated by a 3 ns pulse laser is calculated, which agrees well with previously reported experimental results. Furthermore, the modeling results suggest that physical processes such as material melting, boiling, and flowing have effects on the evolution of the laser damage process. In addition, the experimentally measured morphology of laser damage sites exhibits damage features of boiling cores, molten regions, and fracture zones, which are direct evidence of bowl-shaped higherature expansion predicted by the model. These results well validate that the proposed coupled multi-physics model is competent to describe the dynamic behaviors of laser damage, which can serve as a powerful tool to understand the general mechanisms of laser interactions with KDP optical crystals in the presence of different defects.


Yang, Hao, Cheng, Jian, Liu, Zhichao, Liu, Qi ORCID logoORCID:, Zhao, Linjie, Tan, Chao, Wang, Jian and Chen, Mingjun;