Coupled CFD-MBD numerical modeling of a mechanically coupled WEC array

Li, Xiang and Xiao, Qing and Zhou, Yang and Ning, Dezhi and Incecik, Atilla and Nicoll, Ryan and McDonald, Anthony and Campbell, David (2022) Coupled CFD-MBD numerical modeling of a mechanically coupled WEC array. Ocean Engineering, 256. 111541. ISSN 0029-8018 (

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The development of new wave energy devices (WECs) has continued unabated over the past decades. For large-scale applications, integrating individual WEC into an array system (WEC net) requires considerable expertise and research due to its highly complex and interrelated nature. Often for a WEC net, it contains main structures and multiple sub-structures. The WEC net response is defined as the total responses from all sub-structures, which is highly complex and closely interconnected with each other. This paper aims to develop a fully-coupled numerical modeling tool that can cope with the wave-structure interaction as well as the mechanical interaction among each sub-structure in a WEC net. The fluid field is solved by a Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) solver coupled with a Multi-body Dynamic structural solver. The hydrodynamic and power take-off performance of Albatern 12S Squid WEC net is studied and the results are validated against available laboratory testing data, and commercial mooring and hydrodynamics analysis software. It is found that the motion response of the CFD and experimental approach is in close agreement with each other. The interaction force among sub-structures can be well captured, and the results indicate that the mode response of individual float is strongly affected by the mechanical linking-arms as well as the incident wave conditions, which is hard to achieve without such integrated CFD tool. The power take-off (PTO) is modeled using a damping system. The predicted peak output power is found to increase with the decreasing of wave period and an optimal device's damping to reach a maximum power capture exists, which is dependent on the incoming wave period and height.


Li, Xiang, Xiao, Qing ORCID logoORCID:, Zhou, Yang, Ning, Dezhi, Incecik, Atilla, Nicoll, Ryan, McDonald, Anthony and Campbell, David;