Utilizing Raman spectroscopy as a tool for solid- and solution-phase analysis of metalloorganic cage host-guest complexes

O’Connor, Helen M. and Tipping, William J. and Vallejo, Julia and Nichol, Gary S. and Faulds, Karen and Graham, Duncan and Brechin, Euan K. and Lusby, Paul J. (2022) Utilizing Raman spectroscopy as a tool for solid- and solution-phase analysis of metalloorganic cage host-guest complexes. Inorganic Chemistry. ISSN 0020-1669 (https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.2c00873)

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Abstract

The host-guest chemistry of coordination cages continues to promote significant interest, not least because confinement effects can be exploited for a range of applications, such as drug delivery, sensing, and catalysis. Often a fundamental analysis of noncovalent encapsulation is required to provide the necessary insight into the design of better functional systems. In this paper, we demonstrate the use of various techniques to probe the host-guest chemistry of a novel Pd2L4 cage, which we show is preorganized to selectively bind dicyanoarene guests with high affinity through hydrogen-bonding and other weak interactions. In addition, we exemplify the use of Raman spectroscopy as a tool for analyzing coordination cages, exploiting alkyne and nitrile reporter functional groups that are contained within the host and guest, respectively.

ORCID iDs

O’Connor, Helen M., Tipping, William J., Vallejo, Julia, Nichol, Gary S., Faulds, Karen ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5567-7399, Graham, Duncan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6079-2105, Brechin, Euan K. and Lusby, Paul J.;