Urban morphology and temporary uses : exploring the relation between reading and designing

Migliorisi, Ambra; (2022) Urban morphology and temporary uses : exploring the relation between reading and designing. In: Annual Conference Proceedings of the XXVIII International Seminar on Urban Form. University of Strathclyde Publishing, Glasgow, pp. 1302-1309. ISBN 9781914241161

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Since the financial and economic crisis of 2008, the interaction between the increase in urban vacancy and the crisis of financial protocols of development is offering the chance to restore the centrality of the architectural project within the issue of urban regeneration since, as never before, we find ourselves in the position of having to reflect on the state of a widely distributed abandoned building heritage, de-objectified from any functional and cultural meaning, which claims to be transformed with priority over new building expectations and forecasts. The paper investigates the practice of temporary use of vacant areas and abandoned buildings in the region of Emilia-Romagna (Italy) that, although with different degrees of maturation, are certifying an experimental and operative level feeding, through tests and verification phases with reality and its changes, a strategic design path able to really address current challenges. The acknowledgement of this practice's value has been stated ex-post by Regional law n.24/2017 "Regional regulation on spatial planning, management and land-use", which constitutes the partial effect of one of the most advanced experiments concerning the design culture in conditions of structural crisis. The present contribution aims at recognizing in the Italian urban morphology's legacy the features to read and intercept the on-going urban transformation, negotiating the position of the architectural project as stages of adaptation to the urban changing conditions. The methodology is summarized in two main collaborating moments: the "mapping" or rather the criteria for comparing the on-going experiences and the "governance" which refers to the set of principles and procedures concerning the management of the projects. The paper demonstrates how the phase of reading the experimental practices converges with the one of designing the urban project, making explicit the relationship on which urban morphology and building typology are based.

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