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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Promoting physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes

Kirk, A.F. and Mutrie, N. and MacIntyre, P. and Fisher, B.M. (2002) Promoting physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes. British Journal of Diabetes and Vascular Disease, 2. pp. 211-213. ISSN 1474-6514

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Abstract

Extensive evidence demonstrates the benefits of physical activity in the management of type 2 diabetes. A recent meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials investigating the effect of exercise on glycaemic control concluded that exercise significantly reduced HbA1C values by 0.66%. This reduction is clinically significant and only slightly less than the difference between conventional and intensive glucose lowering therapy in the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS),2 which significantly reduced the development of diabetic complications. Recent studies have shown that changes in lifestyle can delay the progression of impaired glucose tolerance to type 2 diabetes,3,4 lifestyle changes being significantly more effective than therapy with metformin. Furthermore some research suggests physical activity is more effective for improving glycaemic control during earlier stages of diabetes. These studies suggest the need for an early emphasis of physical activity promotion in the management of type 2 diabetes.