Influence of B4C and industrial waste fly ash reinforcement particles on the micro structural characteristics and mechanical behavior of aluminium (Al–Mg–Si-T6) hybrid metal matrix composite

Kumar, M. Saravana and Vasumathi, M. and Begum, S. Rashia and Luminita, Scutaru Maria and Vlase, Sorin and Pruncu, Catalin I. (2021) Influence of B4C and industrial waste fly ash reinforcement particles on the micro structural characteristics and mechanical behavior of aluminium (Al–Mg–Si-T6) hybrid metal matrix composite. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 15. pp. 1201-1216. ISSN 2238-7854

[thumbnail of Saravana-Kumar-etal-JMRT-2021-Influence-of-B4C-and-industrial-waste-fly-ash-reinforcement-particles]
Preview
Text. Filename: Saravana_Kumar_etal_JMRT_2021_Influence_of_B4C_and_industrial_waste_fly_ash_reinforcement_particles.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (8MB)| Preview

    Abstract

    The expectations over composite materials have been increased especially in automotive and aerospace applications due to its high strength to weight ratio and good mechanical properties. Here, we aim to fabricate a hybrid composite of high strength and low density for automotive application to suits the above needs. In this investigation, the heat-treated aluminum alloy Al–Mg–Si-T6 was initially reinforced with industrial waste fly ash particles at five different weight fractions of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%, respectively by stir casting process. The mechanical properties such as tensile strength, compression strength, hardness and density were tested, and microstructure of the composite was evaluated to explain the mechanical properties evolution. From the results, it was concluded that the composite with 10% fly ash shows enhanced at maximum the properties when compared to others. Then, the Al–Mg–Si-T6 – 5% fly ash was further reinforced with boron carbide particles by using three different fractions of 2.5%, 5% and 7.5%, respectively by stir casting process. The microstructural analysis, Scanning Electron Microscope analysis (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy analysis (EDS) were carried out for the casted samples to evaluate interfacial bonding, agglomeration, clustering and void formation in the hybrid composite samples. The casted samples were also tested for mechanical properties such as tensile strength, compression strength, hardness and density. It reveals that the optimal combination of 10% reinforcement (5% fly ash and 5% boron carbide) shows 18.7% higher tensile strength, 11.3% higher hardness and 38.6% higher compression when compared with the unreinforced Al–Mg–Si-T6 heat treated alloy. It is expected that the present hybrid metal matrix composites can be adopted for the fabrication of drive shaft in race cars.

    ORCID iDs

    Kumar, M. Saravana, Vasumathi, M., Begum, S. Rashia, Luminita, Scutaru Maria, Vlase, Sorin and Pruncu, Catalin I. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4926-2189;