Fabrication of three-dimensional sin-shaped ripples using a multi-tip diamond tool based on the force modulation approach

Wang, Yuzhang and Fan, Pengfei and Luo, Xichun and Geng, Yanquan and Goel, Saurav and Wu, Wei and Li, Guo and Yan, Yongda (2021) Fabrication of three-dimensional sin-shaped ripples using a multi-tip diamond tool based on the force modulation approach. Journal of Manufacturing Processes. ISSN 1526-6125 (In Press)

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Abstract

A novel cutting strategy of machining microstructure surface with the multi-tip diamond tool based on the force modulation approach is proposed in this paper. The multi-tip diamond tool with periodic sinusoidal microstructures was prepared by focused ion beam technique. The influence of applied cutting forces on the depths of cut and material removal states was investigated experimentally. MD simulations revealed a significant phenomenon of no material side flow when using the multi-tip diamond tool cutting on single crystal copper substrate. The movement of stacking faults, Lomer-Cottrell locks and Hirth locks jointly governed the formation mechanism of machined surface. To demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of this proposed cutting strategy, the fabrication of periodic sinusoidal microstructures under constant forces was successfully realized on the microsphere surface. Furthermore, three-dimensional sin-shaped ripples required variable forces controlling were achieved with high-precision surface quality. The cross-sectional topography of obtained ripples matched the geometry of used MTD tool quite well. In particular, the processing parameters, including the time period of loading forces and cutting speeds, determine the expected wavelength of ripples and play a central role in the surface machining accuracy.

ORCID iDs

Wang, Yuzhang, Fan, Pengfei, Luo, Xichun ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5024-7058, Geng, Yanquan, Goel, Saurav, Wu, Wei, Li, Guo and Yan, Yongda;