A comparison of the performance of 2D and 3D convolutional neural networks for subsea survey video classification

Stamoulakatos, Anastasios and Cardona, Javier and Michie, Craig and Andonovic, Ivan and Lazaridis, Pavlos and Bellekens, Xavier and Atkinson, Robert and Hossain, Md Moinul and Tachtatzis, Christos (2021) A comparison of the performance of 2D and 3D convolutional neural networks for subsea survey video classification. In: Oceans 2021, 2021-09-20 - 2021-09-23, San Diego.

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    Abstract

    Utilising deep learning image classification to auto-matically annotate subsea pipeline video surveys can facilitate the tedious and labour-intensive process, resulting in significant time and cost savings. However, the classification of events on subsea survey videos (frame sequences) by models trained on individual frames have been proven to vary, leading to inaccuracies. The paper extends previous work on the automatic annotation of individual subsea survey frames by comparing the performance of 2D and 3D Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) in classifying frame sequences. The study explores the classification of burial, exposure, free span, field joint, and anode events. Sampling and regularization techniques are designed to address the challenges of an underwater inspection video dataset owing to the environment. Results show that a 2D CNN with rolling average can outperform a 3D CNN, achieving an Exact Match Ratio of 85% and F1-Score of 90%, whilst being more computationally efficient.

    ORCID iDs

    Stamoulakatos, Anastasios ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8279-9973, Cardona, Javier ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9284-1899, Michie, Craig ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5132-4572, Andonovic, Ivan, Lazaridis, Pavlos, Bellekens, Xavier ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1849-5788, Atkinson, Robert ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6206-2229, Hossain, Md Moinul and Tachtatzis, Christos ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9150-6805;