Optimisation of a smart energy hub with integration of combined heat and power, demand side response and energy storage

Qi, Haijie and Yue, Hong and Zhang, Jiangfeng and Lo, Kwok L. (2021) Optimisation of a smart energy hub with integration of combined heat and power, demand side response and energy storage. Energy, 234. 121268. ISSN 1873-6785

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    Abstract

    An operational cost minimisation model is established for a smart energy hub (S.E. Hub) consisting of a combined heat and power (CHP) unit, a heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) system, and thermal and electricity storage units. The optimal operation of CHP is combined with the load management of HVAC under a time-of-use (TOU) tariff. The heat and power split ratio of CHP is dynamically determined during the operation. The scheduling of HVAC load and the charging/discharging of energy storage systems are also determined through the optimisation model. The energy management system can therefore shift the load demand and manage energy supply simultaneously. System operation requirements and environment factors including the outdoor air-temperature variation, seasonal variation, and battery degradation are considered. Comprehensive case studies are carried out to examine the effectiveness of the proposed strategy, from which insights are obtained for different energy management strategies and possible upgrade of S.E. Hub. Simulation results reveal that dynamic control of the CHP heat and power split ratio is an effective way to save the total operational cost, and a clear cost saving is shown through the proposed optimal operation strategy.

    ORCID iDs

    Qi, Haijie, Yue, Hong ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2072-6223, Zhang, Jiangfeng and Lo, Kwok L.;