Hydrodynamic characteristics of remora's symbiotic relationships

Xu, Yunxin and Shi, Weichao and Arredondo Galeana, Abel (2021) Hydrodynamic characteristics of remora's symbiotic relationships. In: 9th International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering, 2021-06-02 - 2021-06-04, Online.

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Symbiotic relationships have developed through natural evolution which can provide advantages to parties in terms of survival. For example, that of the remora fish attached to the body of a shark to compensate for their poor swimming ability. From the remora's perspective, this could be associated to an increased hydrodynamic efficiency in swimming and this needs to be investigated. To understand the remora's swimming strategy in the attachment state, a systematic study has been conducted using the commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD software, STAR-CCM+ to analyse and compare the resistance characteristics of the remora in attached swimming conditions. Two fundamental questions are addressed: what is the effect of the developed boundary layer flow and the effect of the adverse pressure gradient on the remora's hydrodynamic characteristics? By researching the hydrodynamic characteristics of the remora on varying attachment locations, the remora's unique behaviours could be applied to autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), which currently cannot perform docking and recovery without asking the mother vehicle to come for a halt.