Towards the use of electrospun piezoelectric nanofibre layers for enabling in-situ measurement in high performance composite laminates

Lotfian, Saeid and Kumar, Vijay Thakur and Giraudmaillet, Claire and Yoosefinejad, Ata and Brennan, Feargal and Nezhad, Hamed Yazdani; (2019) Towards the use of electrospun piezoelectric nanofibre layers for enabling in-situ measurement in high performance composite laminates. In: 18th European Conference on Composite Materials (ECCM-18). Applied Mechanics Laboratory, GRC. ISBN 9781510896932

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    Abstract

    The aim of this research is to highlight the effects from composite manufacturing on the piezoelectric properties of fibre-reinforced composite laminates internally modified by layers of low-density piezoelectric thermoplastic nanofibres in association with a conductive electrode layer. for in-situ deformation measurement of aerospace and renewable energy composite structures through enabling electrical signal change. Several methods have been used to analyse the effects such as phase characterisation of the piezoelectric thermoplastic nanofibres and non-destructive inspection of the laminates, during processing an Inter Digital Electrode (IDE) made by conductive epoxy-graphene resin, and pre-preg autoclave manufacturing aerospace grade laminates. The purpose of fabrication of such IDE layer was to embed the same resin type (HexFlow® RTM6) for the conductive layer as that used for the laminates, in order to sustain the structural integrity via mitigation of downgrading effects on the bonding quality and interlaminar properties between plies, rising from materials mismatch and discontinuous interplay stress transfer. XRD, FTIR, EDS and SEM analyses have been carried out in the material characterisation phase, whereas pulsed thermography and ultrasonic C-scanning were used for the localisation of conductive resin embedded within the composite laminates. This study has shown promising results for enabling internally embedded piezoelectricity (and thus health monitoring capabilities) in high performance composite laminates such as those in aerospace, automotive and energy sectors.

    ORCID iDs

    Lotfian, Saeid ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8542-933X, Kumar, Vijay Thakur, Giraudmaillet, Claire, Yoosefinejad, Ata, Brennan, Feargal ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0952-6167 and Nezhad, Hamed Yazdani;