Fraping, social norms and online representations of self

Moncur, Wendy and Orzech, Kathryn M. and Neville, Fergus G. (2016) Fraping, social norms and online representations of self. Computers in Human Behavior, 63. pp. 125-131. ISSN 0747-5632 (

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This paper reports on qualitative insights generated from 46 semi-structured interviews with adults ranging in age from 18 to 70. It focuses on an online social behaviour, ‘fraping’, which involves the unauthorised alteration of content on a person’s social networking site (SNS) profile by a third party. Our exploratory research elucidates what constitutes a frape, who is involved in it, and what the social norms surrounding the activity are. We provide insights into how frape contributes to online sociality and the co-construction of online identity, and identify opportunities for further work in understanding the interplay between online social identities, social groups and social norms.


Moncur, Wendy ORCID logoORCID:, Orzech, Kathryn M. and Neville, Fergus G.;