Non-destructive identification of fibre orientation in multi-ply biaxial laminates using contact temperature sensors

Gillespie, David I. and Hamilton, Andrew W. and McKay, Ewan J. and Neilson, Brian and Atkinson, Robert C. and Andonovic, Ivan and Tachtatzis, Christos (2020) Non-destructive identification of fibre orientation in multi-ply biaxial laminates using contact temperature sensors. Sensors, 20 (14). 3865. ISSN 1424-8220 (

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Fibre orientation within composite structures dictates the material properties of the laminate once cured. The ability to accurately and automatically assess fibre orientation of composite parts is a significant enabler in the goal to optimise the established processes within aftermarket aerospace industries. Incorrect ply lay-up results in a structure with undesirable material properties and as such, has the potential to fail under safe working loads. Since it is necessary to assure structural integrity during re-manufacture and repair assessment, the paper demonstrates a novel method of readily and non-destructively determining fibre orientation throughout multi-ply Biaxial woven composite laminates using point temperature contact sensors and data analysis techniques. Once cured, only the outermost laminates are visible to assess orientation. The inspection method is conducted visually, with reference guides to allow for rapid adoption with minimum training, as well as harnessing established temperature sensors within the Maintenance Repair and Overhaul (MRO) environment. The system is amenable to integration within existing repair/re-manufacture processes without significant impact to process flow. The method is able to identify noisy samples with an accuracy, precision and recall of 0.9, and for synthetically created samples of double the cure ply thickness, a precision of 0.75, a recall of 0.7 and an accuracy of 0.87.


Gillespie, David I. ORCID logoORCID:, Hamilton, Andrew W. ORCID logoORCID:, McKay, Ewan J., Neilson, Brian, Atkinson, Robert C. ORCID logoORCID:, Andonovic, Ivan and Tachtatzis, Christos ORCID logoORCID:;