Ischemia-induced Drp1 and Fis1-mediated mitochondrial fission and right ventricular dysfunction in pulmonary hypertension

Tian, Lian and Neuber-Hess, Monica and Mewburn, Jeffrey and Dasgupta, Asish and Dunham-Snary, Kimberly and Wu, Danchen and Chen, Kuang-Hueih and Hong, Zhigang and Sharp, Willard W. and Kutty, Shelby and Archer, Stephen L. (2017) Ischemia-induced Drp1 and Fis1-mediated mitochondrial fission and right ventricular dysfunction in pulmonary hypertension. Journal of Molecular Medicine, 95 (4). pp. 381-393. ISSN 0946-2716

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    Abstract

    Right ventricular (RV) function determines prognosis in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We hypothesize that ischemia causes RV dysfunction in PAH by triggering dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1)-mediated mitochondrial fission. RV function was compared in control rats (n = 50) versus rats with monocrotaline-induced PAH (MCT-PAH; n = 60) both in vivo (echocardiography) and ex vivo (RV Langendorff). Mitochondrial membrane potential and morphology and RV function were assessed before or after 2 cycles of ischemia-reperfusion injury challenge (RV-IR). The effects of Mdivi-1 (25 μM), a Drp1 GTPase inhibitor, and P110 (1 μM), a peptide inhibitor of Drp1-Fis1 interaction, were studied. We found that MCT caused RV hypertrophy, RV vascular rarefaction, and RV dysfunction. Prior to IR, the mitochondria in MCT-PAH RV were depolarized and swollen with increased Drp1 content and reduced aconitase activity. RV-IR increased RV end diastolic pressure (RVEDP) and mitochondrial Drp1 expression in both control and MCT-PAH RVs. IR depolarized mitochondria in control RV but did not exacerbate the basally depolarized MCT-PAH RV mitochondria. During RV IR mdivi-1 and P110 reduced Drp1 translocation to mitochondria, improved mitochondrial structure and function, and reduced RVEDP. In conclusion, RV ischemia occurs in PAH and causes Drp1-Fis1-mediated fission leading to diastolic dysfunction. Inhibition of mitochondrial fission preserves RV function in RV-IR.

    ORCID iDs

    Tian, Lian ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9699-8009, Neuber-Hess, Monica, Mewburn, Jeffrey, Dasgupta, Asish, Dunham-Snary, Kimberly, Wu, Danchen, Chen, Kuang-Hueih, Hong, Zhigang, Sharp, Willard W., Kutty, Shelby and Archer, Stephen L.;