Plasma wakefield accelerator driven coherent spontaneous emission from an energy chirped electron pulse

Alotaibi, Badriah Mesfer and Al tuijri, Reem and Habib, Ahmad and Hala, Ahmad and Hidding, Bernhard and Khalil, Sherif Mohamed and McNeil, Brian and Traczykowski, Piotr (2020) Plasma wakefield accelerator driven coherent spontaneous emission from an energy chirped electron pulse. New Journal of Physics, 22 (1). 013037. ISSN 1367-2630 (

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Plasma accelerators (Esaryet al2009Rev. Mod. Phys.811229) are a potentially important source of highenergy, low emittance electron beamswith high peak currents generated within a relatively short distance. As such, they may have an important application in the driving of coherent light sources such as the Free Electron Laser (FEL) which operate into the x-ray region (McNeil and Thompson 2010 Nat. Photon.4814–21). While novel plasma photocathodes (Hidding et al 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108035001) may offer orders of magnitude improvement to the normalized emittance and brightness of electron beams compared to Radio Frequency-driven accelerators, a substantial challenge is the energy spread and chirp of beams, which can make FEL operation impossible. In this paper it is shown that such an energy-chirped, ultrahigh brightness electron beam, with dynamically evolving current profile due to ballistic bunching at moderate energies, can generate significant coherent radiation output via the process of Coherent Spontaneous Emission (CSE) (Campbell and McNeil 2012 Proc. FEL2012 (Nara, Japan)).While this CSE is seen to cause some FEL-induced electron bunching at the radiation wavelength, the dynamic evolution of the energy chirped pulse dampens out any high-gain FEL interaction. This work may offer the prospect of a future plasma driven FEL operating in the high-gain Self Amplified CSE mode.