Robust design of LCL-filters for active damping in grid converters

Pena-Alzola, Rafael and Liserre, Marco and Blaabjerg, Frede and Yang, Yongheng; (2014) Robust design of LCL-filters for active damping in grid converters. In: Proceedings, IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. IEEE, AUT, pp. 1248-1253. ISBN 9781479902248 (

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Grid converters require a simple inductor or an LCL-filter to limit the current ripples. The LCL-filter is nowadays the preferred solution as it allows lower inductance values. In order to solve the stability concerns, active damping is preferred to passive damping since it does not use dissipative elements. However, large variations in the grid inductance and resonances arising from parallel converters may still compromise the system stability. This calls for a robust design of LCL-filters with active damping. This paper proposes a design flow with little iteration for two well-known methods, namely lead-lag network and current capacitor feedback. The proposed formulas for the resonance frequency, grid and converter inductance ratio, and capacitance of the LCL-filter allow calculating all the LCL-filter parameters. An estimation for the achieved Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of the grid current is also provided. Experimental results show very robust designs to the parameter variations.