Agile urban planning and phased housing construction for migrating populations

Dimitrijevic, Branka (2019) Agile urban planning and phased housing construction for migrating populations. In: Environmental Impact of Illegal Construction, Poor Planning and Design. Association of Chemists and Chemical Engineers of Serbia, Belgrade, pp. 25-35. ISBN 978-86-901238-0-3

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    Abstract

    Various environmental, social and economic disruptions trigger the displacement of people and create the need for an agile provision of affordable housing. The responses of architects and urban planners to that need are pointing towards solutions based on the concepts of ephemeral urbanism and phased construction of housing, which rely on self-sufficiency in terms of building materials and, very often, construction. The paper presents examples of ephemeral urbanism and architectural design of affordable, phased housing applied in many developing countries facing a significant influx of people into cities due to radical changes in political, socio-economic or environmental contexts. They range from remediation interventions in illegally built settlements, to support for the development of affordable housing, which includes up-skilling of the population to self-build with locally available building materials. The discussion focuses on the need to include the concepts of agile urban planning and architectural design in the education of architects and urban planners as the means for an efficient provision of affordable housing in the context of global population growth and migrations from rural to urban areas. It also proposes that urban planning strategies of local authorities need to consider scenarios and develop models for responsive and rapid urban planning interventions when faced with potential multiple disruptions of the envisaged urban development. The paper concludes by outlining areas of potential future research that will inform the education of architects and urban planners, as well as architectural and urban planning practice.