Hopf-Frobenius algebras and a simpler Drinfeld double

Collins, Joseph and Duncan, Ross (2019) Hopf-Frobenius algebras and a simpler Drinfeld double. Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science. ISSN 2075-2180

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    Abstract

    The ZX-calculus and related theories are based on so-called interacting Frobenius algebras, where a pair of $\dag$-special commutative Frobenius algebras jointly form a pair of Hopf algebras. In this setting we introduce a generalisation of this structure, Hopf-Frobenius algebras, starting from a single Hopf algebra which is not necessarily commutative or cocommutative. We provide the necessary and sufficient condition for a Hopf algebra to be a Hopf-Frobenius algebra, and show that every Hopf algebra in FVect is a Hopf-Frobenius algebra. Hopf-Frobenius algebras provide a notion of duality, and give us a "dual" Hopf algebra that is isomorphic to the usual dual Hopf algebra in a compact closed category. We use this isomorphism to construct a Hopf algebra isomorphic to the Drinfeld double that is defined on $H \otimes H$ rather than $H \otimes H^*$.