Design of a new fast tool positioning system and systematic study on its positioning stability

Ding, Fei and Luo, Xichun and Zhong, Wenbin and Chang, Wenlong (2019) Design of a new fast tool positioning system and systematic study on its positioning stability. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 142. pp. 54-65. ISSN 0890-6955 (

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The challenge of maintaining good surface quality under high operational frequencies in freeform machining invokes the need for a deterministic error analysis approach and a quantitative understanding on how structural design affects the positioning errors. This paper proposes a novel stiff-support positioning system with a systematic error analysis approach which reveals the contributions of disturbances on the tool positioning errors. The new design reduces the structural complexity and enables the detailed modelling of the closed loop system. Stochastic disturbances are analysed in the frequency domain while the non-stochastic disturbances are simulated in the time domain. The predicted following error spectrum agrees with the measured spectrum across the frequency range and this approach is justified. The real tool positioning error, which is free from sensor noise, is revealed for the first time. The influences of moving mass under various bandwidth settings have been studied both theoretically and experimentally. It is found that a larger moving mass helps combating disturbances except the sensor noises. The influences of cutting force are modelled and experimentally verified in the micro lens array cutting experiments. The origins of the form errors of the lenslet are discussed based on the error analysis model.