A new energy saving twin rudder system - Gate Rudder

Turkmen, S. and Carchen, A. and Atlar, M.; Sasaki, N., ed. (2015) A new energy saving twin rudder system - Gate Rudder. In: SCC 2015 International Conference on Shipping in Changing Climates, 2015-11-24 - 2015-11-26.

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Rudder and propeller of a ship share almost similar long service history. The rudder is usually placed behind the propeller to make use of the strong slipstream flow of the propeller. By changing the direction of the slipstream flow the rudder functions as a remarkably effective control surface to maneuver the ship. While this is the fact the rudder also has several disadvantages including: (a) increased ship resistance as an appendage to the hull; (b) modifications to the stern arrangement to accommodate the rudder that enforces restriction not only to the propeller aperture but also to the engine room arrangement; (c) a non-uniform flow imposed in the propeller plane that can easily increase the vibration and noise originated not only from the propeller but also from the combination of the propeller with the rudder; (d) cavitation erosion on the rudder which can be annoying for high speed vessels In order to eliminate the above disadvantages as well as saving further energy, a new concept of twin rudder system is invented one of the Authors and called “Gate Rudder” in which each of the asymmetric rudders is located aside the propeller to exploit the benefits of an accelerating duct device. The main objective of this paper is to give the background for the gate rudder development and present methodology for powering performance of a ship with the gate rudder using the Emerson Cavitation Tunnel facility. The analysis include model tests to measure the local forces on the stern part of a model hull and gate rudder system in the cavitation tunnel as well as the prediction of the gate rudder induced velocities using computational methods. The papers further presents a flow chart for the fine powering performance prediction technology and cost effectiveness analysis of vessels using the gate rudder system.