The effect of nylon nanofibers on the dynamic behaviour and the delamination resistance of GFRP composites

Garcia, Cristobal and Trendafilova, Irina and Zucchelli, Andrea and Contreras, Justin (2018) The effect of nylon nanofibers on the dynamic behaviour and the delamination resistance of GFRP composites. MATEC Web of Conferences, 148. 14001. ISSN 2261-236X

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    Abstract

    Vibrations are responsible for a considerable number of accidents in aircrafts, bridges and other civil engineering structures. Therefore, there is a need to reduce the vibrations on structures made of composite materials. Delamination is a particularly dangerous failure mode for composite materials because delaminated composites can lose up to 60% of its strength and stiffness and still remain unchanged. One of the methods to suppress vibrations and preventing delamination is to incorporate nanofibers into the composite laminates. The aim of the present work is to investigate how nylon nanofibers affect the dynamic behaviour and delamination resistance of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) composites. Experiments and numerical simulations using finite element modelling (FEM) analysis are used to estimate the natural frequencies, the damping ratio and inter-laminar strength in GFRP composites with and without nylon nanofibers. It is found that the natural frequencies of the nylon nano-modified composites do not change significantly as compared to the traditional composites. However, nano-modified composites demonstrated a considerable increase in damping ratio and inter-laminar shear strength due to the incorporation of nylon nanofibers. This work contributes to the knowledge about the mechanical and dynamic properties of glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) composites with nylon nanofibers.