High absorption coefficient cyclopentadithiophene donor-free dyes for liquid and solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells

Hu, Yue and Abate, Antonio and Cao, Yiming and Ivaturi, Aruna and Zakeeruddin, Shaik Mohammed and Grätzel, Michael and Robertson, Neil (2016) High absorption coefficient cyclopentadithiophene donor-free dyes for liquid and solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 120 (28). pp. 15027-15034. ISSN 1932-7447

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    Abstract

    We report a series of "donor-free" dyes featuring moieties of oligo(4,4-dihexyl-4H-cyclopenta[1,2-b:5,4-b′]dithiophene) (CPDT) functionalized with cyanoacrylic end groups for mesoscopic titania solar cells based on I-/I3 - or Co(II)/Co(III) redox couple and spiro-OMeTAD hole transporter. These were compared with similar cells using an oligo(3-hexylthiophene) dye (5T), which we reported before. Extending the CPDT moiety of the dye molecules from one to three (denoted as CPDT-1, CPDT-2, and CPDT-3) widens the photoresponse overlap with the solar spectrum, increases the molar absorption coefficient up to 75-000 M-1 cm-1, and improves the short-circuit current (JSC), open-circuit voltage (VOC), and power conversion efficiency (PCE) for all types of DSSCs. Among these sensitizers, CPDT-3 shows the highest PCE of 6.7%, 7.3%, and 3.9% with I-/I3 -, Co(II)/Co(III) redox couple, and spiro-OMeTAD hole transporter, respectively, compared with 7.6%, 9.0%, and 4.0% for 5T. Benefiting from the high absorption of CPDT-3, we demonstrate 900 nm thick mesoporous TiO2 film with remarkable JSC of 10.9 mA cm-2 in solid-state DSCs.